Teachings Of Christianity
1.1 The Nature of God
The Trinity: The belief that there is only one true God. There are no other gods.
-God the Son
-God the Father
-God the Holy Spirit
God is omnipotent: God is all-powerful. There is nothing that God cannot do. Moses told Pharaoh that the plagues were ‘so that you may know that there is no-like like the lord our God’. The creation story shows God’s power.
God is omnibenevolent: God is all-loving, full of mercy and compassion. God loved the world so he sent his only son so that people could have eternal life.
There is evil and suffering in the world: Suffering is the result from sin but God shares in people’s sufferings.
|Literalist Views – Believes that the creation story happened word for word||Non-literalist Views – Believes that God created the world in more of a non-literal view|
|God’s spirit moved across the waters||God did create the world|
|There were six days of 24hours in which God created the world. He rested on the seventh||God used the natural processes to create the Earth we know today, e.g evolution|
|Adam was formed out of the dust of the earth||There were no clear periods of creation. For example, there are no mention of 24 hours|
|Eve was formed out of Adam’s rib|
|Some Christians believe that the first verse underline the Christian view of God as trinity||Most Christians believe the ‘the word’ is referring to Jesus, so this passage states clearly:|
|In the beginning was the Word.||Jesus was there before the world began|
|And the Word was with God||Jesus was with God|
|And the Word was God||Jesus was God|
|He was with God in the beginning||Jesus and God were there at the beginning|
|Through him all things were made||Through Jesus all things were made|
|Without him, nothing was made that has been made||Without Jesus nothing was made that has been made|
1.3 Jesus Christ
Incarnation of Jesus
The bible contains teachings about the incarnation of Jesus. It describes the incarnation as the ‘the Word (Jesus) became flesh’. Jesus was born of the virgin Mary. An angel told Mary to call him Jesus. Jesus is the second ‘person’ (son) of the trinity.
The crucifixion of Jesus
|What is crucifixion?||A form of Roman execution. It was designed to make criminals suffer. Criminals were nailed to a wooden cross and left to hang until they died|
|What is Christian teaching about Jesus’ crucifixion?||The death of Jesus was part of a divine plan to bring about salvation. The crucifixion was necessary to allow the resurrection to take place|
|Why is the crucifixion of Jesus important to Christians?||The death of Jesus was an act of atonement for the sins of the people in the world. The death of Jesus is therefore part of the process for the redemption and salvation of humanity. The death Jesus was also necessary to allow the resurrection to take place.|
Describe the crucifixion of Jesus (5 Marks)
Jesus was arrested in the Garden of Gethsemane. Jesus was trialed many times and was whipped and mocked. The decision reached to have Jesus crucified. Jesus was dressed in a purple robe and worn the crown of thorns to symbolize his crucifixion. Jesus was forced to carry his own cross which then he was hung and nailed upon it. Jesus was left there for many hours until he finally died. Mary came up to Jesus and wiped his face with a cloth. Jesus was then anointed with herbs and spices and buried in a rich man’s tomb.
Resurrection and atonement:
Resurrection: the belief that Jesus rose from the dead on Easter Sunday, conquering sin and death.
The resurrection of Jesus from the dead shows that death is not the end. It shows that through faith in the suffering and death of Jesus, people can be restored to a relationship with God. This means that people do not need to fear death.
Atonement is the belief that Jesus’ death on the cross healed the rift between humans and God.
The story of the fall where Adam and Eve went against God’s instructions led to a breakdown in the relationship between humans and god but Christian’s believe that the suffering and death of Jesus means that the relationship with God is stored.
Christians beliefs on the resurrection of Jesus:
On a Sunday morning, a women were taking spices to the tomb of Jesus/ The stones of Jesus’ tomb was already rolled away. There was no sign of Jesus’ body. Two angels appeared and said ‘why do you look for the living among the dead? He is not here, he is risen!’
Ascension of Jesus:
After the resurrection, Jesus was with his disciples. Jesus lifted their hands to bless them. As he did this, he was lifted up into the sky, until he disappeared. The disciples knelt down in worship knowing it had been a special occasion. They continued to worship at the temple in the full praise of God. The lifting up of Jesus to Heaven is called ‘the ascension’.
|Things that make Salvation:||Being free from sin and its consequences|
|The Sacraments:||Special ‘rites’ through which the Holy Spirit brings to believers. This encourages faith.|
|The Law:||The word of God, the bible, a record of divine law, the rules and law of God by which Christians choose to live.|
|The Bible is:||Inspired by God. A revelation from God. Interpreted in different ways. Literally True. Non-literal. Symbolic.|
|Sin:||Something at odds with God’s law. Everyone is affected as it separates people from God and each other.|
|Holy Spirit:||God sent the holy spirit to bring grace and help people live lives of faith.|
|Other sources of authority:||Christians refers to the teachings of the church, priests, holy spirit and conscience.|
Christian belief in the afterlife:
-There is eternal life after death, received through faith.
-Entry to heaven depends on a person’s response to Jesus and to those in need on earth
-Resurrection is expected because of the resurrection of Jesus
-There is a hell. A place of separation from God.
-Catholics believe there is a purgatory. A place of cleansing of sin between earth and heaven. Prayers can be said for those in purgatory to shorten their stay there.
Christian belief in judgement:
-There will be a judgement day. When people’s lives will be judged by God.
-Jesus will come to earth for the second time called ‘the Parousia’
-It will be the end of human existence on the earth.
-There will be bodily resurrection of the dead. Believers will be transformed into a glorified state.
-A new heaven and a new earth will commence, with no tears, sorrow, sin or death.
Christian belief in resurrection:
-The spiritual part of a person (soul) goes to heaven with God when believers die.
-At the end of time, there will be a physical resurrection that is brought back to life with physical bodies.
-All will be judged to their faith and their deeds before their final density is decreed
-‘The trumpet o the Lord will sound, the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will all be changed.’
|Heaven: A place where God can be known clearly||Christians believe that those who have faith in Jesus go to heaven when they die. Catholics would say only very good believers go straight to heaven. The rest go to purgatory.
Heaven is important as you are in the presence of God and is seen as a reward for a life of good faith and good work.
|Hell: A place of suffering, even torment||This is the place that people go to after death if they have rejected Jesus. It is the eternal place of everlasting suffering. Hell is important it is the absent from the presence of God. Hell is a punishment without atonement.|
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