AQA Geography Paper Three

Download This Here: AQA-Geography-Paper-Three-FieldWork

Possible Exam Questions:

These questions are possible exam questions that might come up. The questions listed below include answers that include specific factors and knowledge that is required to answer these questions.

Explain one advantage of the location used for your human fieldwork enquiry. (2 marks)

This Question is asking you to state the title of your physical/human enquiry.

(Enquiry is an act of asking for information)

Designing a question for your enquiry:

Part 1 – is the enquiry hypothesis proven? (hypothesis is a proposed explanation made on limited evidence as a starting point for your future investigation)

You must include the following factors (geographical theory)

-Primary + Secondary data (See below)

-Location suitability (is the location suitable for regeneration?)

-Potential risk (any hazards that can occur in the area)

Primary data is data that you have collected yourself during your investigation.

Secondary data is data collected from another source. For example, ‘Google Maps shows the layout of the river is this…’

Describe one data collection technique that you used in your physical geographical fieldwork (2marks)

In this question, you must state your hypothesis, and describe the way you selected, measured, and recorded the data:

-Physical question/hypothesis – (this is my hypothesis) – ‘the river formation changes as you travel downstream of Carding Mill Valley’

(Aim/hypothesis → Vertical erosion → Bradshaw model)

-Human question/hypothesis – (this is my hypothesis) – ‘the regeneration of the crescent, Hinckley was a success’

(Aim/hypothesis → positive impact → regeneration project)

Justify one method that you used to present your primary data in your physical enquiry (2 marks)

This question is asking you how you processed and presented your field work: (Define primary data collection)

Primary data – data collect by you during your investigation

Advantage of primary data – the ability to collect as much data as you can to support your hypothesis.

Disadvantage of primary data – data may not be fully accurate therefore may not support your hypothesis.

Secondary data – data collected by someone else e.g. sources from the internet

Advantages of secondary data – quicker than collecting it yourself.

Disadvantage of secondary data – how/when the data was collected, you may not fully know.

Question answers have to be ‘SMART’ – This must be considered with your hypothesis.

Specific – Well defined, therefore clear to anyone that has a basic knowledge of the project.

Measurable – How you measured your data.

Achievable – Must be achievable results in the time you have.

Realistic – Must be realistic measurements.

Timely – Enough time to achieve enough data to support/disprove your hypothesis.

Explain two ways in which you analyzed your physical fieldwork data. (4 marks)

This question is telling you to explain the data method you used in your human/physical enquiry. This is the describing and analyzing fieldwork data.

Part 2 – Where was the data collected?

Physical – Primary data: (This is an example of my primary data)

– Velocity is measured by the experiment ‘dropping a cork’ timely in 3 locations

(Context: ‘dropping a cork’ is where you drop a cork at one end of the river and record the time it travelled at a measured distance. Repeat it 3 times in 3 different locations to get an accurate result)

-Rock angularity – selecting 10 rocks at 3 locations and measuring/judging the reason behind the shape. For example, Smooth rock is caused by abrasion, this is the collision between rocks which cause them to chip and become smooth.

-Depth is measured using a meter stick (3 measurements for a more accurate result)

-Secondary data – using Google Maps and describing the river’s features.

Assess the effectiveness of the methods used in your used in your human geography investigation. (9 marks)

This question is telling you to justify your primary data collection methods therefore evaluating your fieldwork enquiry. (what did you do & why. The strengths and weakness of each method. What to improve for next time?)

Primary data:

-Pedestrian count/footfall – counting the number of people at each location. (3 locations, one minute each)

-Environmental Judged Quality Survey, this is the asking local pedestrians on their opinions on the regeneration of the area (asking more pedestrians may give a more accurate result. These results are used to measure the ‘look and feel’ of a location)

Secondary data: -Before and after photos.

Describe one data collection technique that could be used in geographical fieldwork investigation shown in the area shown in figure 2. (2 marks)

Part 3 – This question is asking you to describe ways of selecting, measuring and recording data. And to describe accurate use of appropriate presentation methods.

-Line graphs. Used to show continuous data.

-Bar chart – discrete/categorical data.

-Pie charts – circular statistical graphic which is divided into slices to show a numerical proportion.

-Divided bars – the length of each bar is proportionate to the value of data it represents

-Radar graph – used to display multivariate data in the form of a two-dimensional chart.

Explain how else the data could have been presented (describing and analyzing fieldwork data) for example, for velocity measurements, use a bar chart.

Advantages of using a bar chart to measure velocity – able to make comparisons and visually easy to read & interpret.

Disadvantage of using a bar chart to measure velocity – relies on figures being similar to an appropriate scale.

To what extent can the following conclusion be drawn the data: ‘Environmental quality improves with distance from the city center’ (6 marks)

This question is telling you to draw conclusions from your field work.

For one of your fieldwork enquires, assess the extent to which your data presentation allowed you to analyze your data to produce reliable conclusions.

For example, for the environmental survey. Use a radar graph

Advantages: able to plot a range of features and able to plot both sites on one.

Disadvantage: messy when plotting two on the same + eight features.

You need to be able to describe the presentation methods used + why. For example, suggesting alternatives.

An Example Exam Question with an answer:

Justify one primary data collection method used in relation to the aim of your physical geography enquiry. (3 marks)

‘One primary collection method was measuring the depth of the river at three locations. This data was collected as the Bradshaw model suggests that the river deepens downstream and I wanted to test if this was true.’

Possible Exam Questions:

These questions are possible exam questions that might come up. The questions listed below include answers that include specific factors and knowledge that is required to answer these questions.

Explain what may have caused anomalous data in your enquiry? (4 marks) + Assess the effectiveness of one technique you used to analyse your data (6 marks)

Part Four: Analysis

Part four in paper three is asking you to analyse your data. You must describe what your data shows. For this, you must identify patterns + trends.

Use the acronym: PDA

P – Pattern – explain the reasons for patterns

D – Data – Quantitative data, which is numerical data (This is when you calculate the mean, median, mode, range etc). & Qualitative data, which is the description of maps, statistics and photos.

A – Anomaly – identify anomalies.

You must make links between different sets of data:

Physical: Velocity + Pebble size (rock angularity)

Human: Foot count + Survey

Describe how your methods might have affected your results and discuss if your conclusion is reliable. This means if you did the investigation again, would you get similar results?

To answer these types of questions you must explain which pieces of data was the most useful in helping you answer your fieldwork question.

Discuss how far your conclusions from any of your fieldwork investigations could be described as ‘reliable’ (9 marks)

You must state the conclusion you came to after the end of your human/physical enquiry. This is when you assess the strength of your conclusion. Explain how your data supported your enquiry.

Part five – Reaching conclusion.

Part five in paper three is asking you to summarize your results.

Here is an example of my human enquiry:  

‘It is evident from the results that the hypothesis can be partly accepted and rejected’

‘A positive factor from the regeneration of Hinckley is: Environmental….’

‘However, the regeneration of Hinckley has caused negative issues: social and economically….’

Here is an example of my physical enquiry:

‘The enquiry found that the river characteristics do change as you move along the course of the river, downstream, typical to the Bradshaw model, however the cause is affected by human influence’

Overall – You must be able to:

-Refer back to your main aim:

– What did you find?

-Comment on anomalies

-Comment on wider geographical significance (usefulness)

Exam Question:

With reference to your methods, results and conclusions, suggest how one of your geographical enquires could be improved (9 marks)


The word ‘method’ in the question is asking you what you did in your investigation.

The word ‘improved’ is asking you how you could make your data more valid/reliable.

I am going to use my physical enquiry for this question:

What did I do during my investigation?

I measured velocity by the ‘drop the cork’ method. This can be improved by using specialist equipment.

I measured rock angularity. To improve my results on rock angularity to get a more accurate understanding of the distribution of rocks in different courses of the river, I could measure a better range (instead of five rocks, measure ten)

I measured the depth of the river using a metre ruler. To improve this, I could use a depth gauge.

Why did I measure these things?

I measured velocity to measure the speed at different courses of the river.

I measured rock angularity to understand the type of erosion at different parts of the river.

I measured the depth of the river to understand how depth changes at different course of the river.

(Obviously, you would put this into more detail, structure it, don’t bullet point it etc, but I did it like to so you can have a more of a understanding to what to include in your answer)

Make sure you refer to the Bradshaw model in your answers.

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