Download Unit 19:geography-paper-two-unit-19
19.1 The global distribution of resources:
A resource is a stock or supply of something that value or purpose.
The most important resources are food, water and energy.
Most HICs have plentiful resources, many of them imported.
Many poorer countries lack resources and struggle to improve quality of life.
|Why are resources significant?||What are the global inequalities|
|Food||A poorly balanced diet can cause illness and diseases
People need to be well fed to be productive
Obesity is an increasing problem
|Over one billion people do not get enough calories
Undernutrition (Malnutrition) affects a further two billion.
Countries in sub-Saharan Africa suffer most from undernutrition
|Water||Essential for drinking
Vital for crops
Used to produce
|Variations in climate and rainfall affect supply
Capture, storage and extraction is expensive
Many countries have water shortage
LICs/NEEs use most water for agriculture
HICs use most water in industry
|Energy||Need for light, heat and power.
Provides fuel for transport
|Richer countries consume more energy than poorer countries.
The Middle East is a major oil supplier; its own consumption is low.
As NEEs become more industrialized, the demand for energy will increase
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